1.the needs of the individual – helping to maintain, wherever possible, independence
2.the safety of the individual and staff
Answer: The MAC Tool helps to identify high-risk manual handling activities. It can be used by employers, employees and their representatives in any sized organisation. It is not appropriate for all manual handling operations, and so may not comprise a full 'suitable and sufficient' risk assessment if relied on alone. A risk assessment will normally need to take account of additional factors such as an individual's ability to carry out the task eg whether they have any health problems or need special information or training. The guidance on the Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992 sets out in detail the requirements of an assessment. People with knowledge and experience of the handling operations, industry specific guidance and specialist advice, may also help in completing an assessment.
Answer: Ideally assess both, but after some experience of using the MAC you should be able to judge which of the task elements poses the greater risk. The total scores should be used to help the assessor prioritise remedial actions. The scores provide an indication of which manual handling tasks require attention first. They can also be used as a way of evaluating potential improvements. The most effective improvements will bring about the highest reduction in the score.
Answer: The RAPP tool can be used to analyse tasks that involve pushing or pulling items whether they have been loaded onto a trolley or mechanical aid or where they are being pushed/pulled across a surface.
It is a simple tool designed to help assess the key risks in manual pushing and pulling operations involving whole body effort.
It is similar to the MAC tool and uses colour-coding and numerical scoring, like the MAC.
It will help identify high-risk pushing and pulling activities and help you evaluate the effectiveness of any risk-reduction measures.
You can assess two types of pulling and pushing operations using the RAPP:
moving loads using wheeled equipment, such as hand trolleys, pump trucks, carts or wheelbarrows;
moving items without wheels, involving dragging/sliding, churning (pivoting and rolling) and rolling.
For each type of assessment there is a flow chart, an assessment guide and a score sheet
Answer: The MAC tool assumes the same load is handled all day which is not always the case, so the V-MAC is a method of assessing very variable manual handling. It is a spreadsheet add-on to the MAC that helps you assess manual handling where the load weights/frequency vary. All the following should apply to the job:
it involves lifting and/or carrying for a substantial part of the shift (eg more than 2 hours);
it has variable load weights;
it is carried out regularly (eg once a week or more);
handling is a single-person operation;
it involves individual weights of more than 2.5 kg;
the difference between the smallest and largest weight is 2 kg or more.